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Wh.questions in English | Question Words

The Verb in a Sentence | Main verb Concepts

The Verb in a Sentence | Main verb Concepts

The Verb in a sentence | Types of Verbs

Speaking about the verb, it is a main language item of a sentence. In fact, the sentence gives the complete sense only with a verb. Basically, the verb is of two types.

(1)Main Verb (2) Helping Verb

Main verb denotes an Action,Possession, Emotion and state where as Helping verb is used to indicate a continuous action, attitude of action,state of being and a completed action.

Examples for main verbs:-1) I eat fruit. 2) She has long hair. 3) I love my country. 4) I need your help. To be precise,main verbs act as a key words of communication which express an idea, information, a feeling… etc

Examples for helping Verbs:(1)Radha is cooking food (continuous action) (2) Dheeraj can play Piano nicely .(attitude of action) (3) Swathi is a software engineer (occupation) (4) I have seen a latest movie. (completed action)

The Verb in a Sentence

Concepts of a Main Verb

(1)’ Action’ Verb (2) ‘Possession’ Verb (3) ‘Emotion’ Verb (4) ‘State’ Verb

‘Action’ verbs’: They demand an effort to perform an action from the subject(doer) in a sentence.

‘ACTION’ Verbs
Wake up Buy Eat Wash Walk Prepare Get
Sleep Bring Drink Do Watch Clean Play

Eg: I wake up at 6 A.M ; She eats fast food at times. ; The maid is cleaning the house.

Possession’ Verbs: They show that somebody is in the possession of something or somebody is in a certain relation with an another person.

Has Have Possess Belong Had Own

Eg: I have a car ; She has two siblings ; We possess lot of property; That complex belongs to Mr. Ranjith ; My brother had a smart phone in his teens; Our neighbors own agricultural land in their home village.


Émotion’ Verbs: They are related to one’s emotion/feeling.

Fear Like Hate Feel
Mind Love Dislike Envy

Eg: I like swimming; My brother hates staying indoors on Sundays; Mamatha loves listening to classical music;I don’t mind lending you some money.

‘State’ Vebs
Am Contain Trust Is Appear See Need
Are Consist Forget Want Think Taste Believe
Were Owe Understand Cost Weigh Hear
Was Exist Know Seem Recognize Smell

Eg: There is a grocery shop down the street; I am at class now, Nov; My cousins are abroad;The book consists of 200 pages;Meera knows 8 languages; the bag costs 25 thousand; what does the sweet taste like?; I believe in God.


forms of a Main Verb | Action verb forms

They are of five forms:-

(1) Basic Form (2) ‘S’ Form (3) ‘ing’ Form (4) Past Form (5) Past Participle Form.

And their short forms are V1,Vs,Ving,V2,V3 respectively.

Regular forms of a verb

The past and past participle verbs form by adding ‘d’ or ‘ed’ to present form of a verb.


Basic form ‘S’ Form ‘ing’ Form Past form past participle
V1 VS Ving V2 V3
Work Works Working Worked Worked
Complete Completes Completing Completed Completed
Wash Washes Washing Washed Washed
Move Moves Moving Moved Moved
Clean Cleans Cleaning Cleaned Cleaned
Prepare Prepares Preparing Prepared Prepared
Wait Waits Waiting Waited Waited
Paint Paints Painting Painted Painted
Play Plays Playing Played Played
Dislike Dislikes ——— Disliked Disliked
Possess Possesses ——— Possessed Possessed
Remove Removes Removing Removed Removed


Irregular forms of a Verb

2) they form changing a vowel. Mostly, they end in ‘en’, ‘n’ and ‘ne’.

Basic form S’ Form ‘ing’ Form Past form past participle
V1 VS Ving V2 V3
Wake Wakes Waking Woke Woken
See Sees —— Saw Seen
Break Breaks Breaking Broke Broken
Buy Buys Buying Bought Bought
Fly Flies Flying Flew Flown
Keep Keeps Keeping Kept Kept
Run Runs Running Ran Run
Draw Draws Drawing Drew Drawn
Tear Tears Tearing Tore Torn
Become Becomes Becoming Became Become


  • Note :- The main verbs which indicate Emotion, State and Possession do

not take “ing”. They don’t have continuous forms.


Usage of the Verb Forms

Mainly,The present form verbs (V1) are used in simple present and simple future in all kinds of sentences. In addition to that, they come in the simple past for negative statements and all types of questions. But for past form(V2), it comes only in positive statements of simple past. Go through the following detailed explanation.


Basic verb form (V1)

You can use this form for simple present tense and simple future tense to show general actions/ concepts /facts at present and somebody’s intentions to do something in future.


I read the news paper everyday (present general action).

I will read a novel tomorrow (future intention).
Note:Basic verb form (V1) is used in various kinds of sentences .

Eg: I didn’t go to college yesterday. ( V1) ( Negative statement)

Eg: Did you go to college yesterday? ( V1) (Question in the past)

Eg: Go there. (Command)

Basic ‘S’ Verb Form (Vs):

You can this form to show the present general action specially with the subjects He, She, It & a singular naming word (only in positive statement)

eg:- He reads the ‘Hindu’ news paper daily.

She reads the ‘Hindu’ news paper daily.

My mother reads the ‘Eenadu’ daily.

Gopi reads the ‘Deccan Chronicle’ daily.

Continuous Verb form (VIng) :

You can use this form to show a continuous action.

eg:- I am reading(VIng) (Action in progress)

She is reading (Action in progress)

They are playing (Action in progress)

He was watching (Action in progress at some time in the past)

They will be going to Tenali next week. (Future plan)

Past Verb form(V2)

You can use this verb form to show the actions happened at some time or during a specific time frame in the past .

eg :- I saw the movie yesterday.

I completed my B.Tech in 2005.


Past Participle Verb form (V3) :

They are used to show a completed action in the present, past or

future . And they precede the helping verbs have , has or had.

eg:-I have finished my work.

He has gone home.

My brother had left for office before I got home from yoga center.

She will have reached there by now.

He will have completed the work by tomorrow.

In passive voice, past participle verbs are used after am, is, are,was,were, be. being,been.

English is spoken all over the world. (Subject is affected/passive voice)

Exams were held last month. (Subject is affected/ passive voice)

A show room will be inaugurated tomorrow. (Subject is affected/passive voice)

The house has been painted (Subject is affected/passive voice)


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